Aesthetics Wiki

Space Cowboy, better known as Space Western or Frontierism, is an aesthetic that emerged around the mid-to-late 1990s with the popularity of series like Cowboy Bebop and quickly fell into oblivion in the mid-2000s, re-emerging in the late 2010s with the creation of the ideology known as Anarcho-Frontierism (and its variants) by Reddit user U/GunslingerLover as a meme that would eventually become something serious.


As space is the last frontier, many comparisons were made between it and the Wild West. This led to many products being influenced by the tropes of the stories of this era. Despite this, nothing materialized to give rise to the aesthetic until the 1990s. The most notable product until then being the Star Wars universe with the Mandalorian culture.

The first products would come from Japan, with the anime and manga series Trigun, Outlaw Star and Cowboy Bebop being the ones that would notably define this aesthetic.


The second wave of the Space Cowboy aesthetic would give rise to different ideologies and ways of interpreting it. Especially, in subreddits such as r/AnFront and R/Anarcho_Frontierism. Where are the two main ones, the one that maintains the original version of its creator and the one that opts to literally go back to the Wild West.

Other notable variants, too, are Fronterismo Hispánico (which claims everything that the ideology proposes for Hispanics is heavily influenced by Pan-Hispanism and the Mexican/Spanish cowboy aesthetic), Frontierism (similar to the original ideology, but with a heavier emphasis on government) the US variants (Alaskan Frontierism and Appalachian Frontierism), Bounty Frontierism and more niche ones, like Christian Anarcho-Frontierism.





  • Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)
  • Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 (2023)


  • The Mandalorian (2019-present)
  • Firefly (2002)
  • Cowboy Bebop (1998-1999)
  • Outlaw Star (1996-1999)


  • Trigun (1997-2007)


  • Books and comics from the Old Expanded Star Wars Universe (Legends) and the New Expanded Star Wars Universe (Disney's Canon ) (2000s-present)

Video Games[]

  • Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy (2021)
  • Sable (2021)
  • Borderlands saga (2009-2020)
  • Outer Wilds (2019)
  • Starfield (2023) - Freestar Collective faction