Lolita (ロリータ) is a japanese fashion inspired by victorian-era clothing and styles from the rococo period. It grew from young women's desire to dress for themselves in a way that disregarded men's opinions. The style is characterized by a distinctive silhouette, achieved from wearing petticoats underneath dresses or skirts with a specific cut.
A full lolita outfit is called a "coord" or coordinate. Every outfit will include a dress or skirt to achieve the proper lolita silhouette. Dresses are made with very full skirts to accomodate a petticoat. Lolita dresses are categorized as either JSKs or OPs. JSKs, or jumperskirts, are sleeveless dresses normally worn over a blouse and OPs, or one-pieces, are worn without a blouse.
The tops worn with JSKs or skirts are either blouses or cutsews. If the sleeves don't reach the wrists, it's customary to wear wrist cuffs or bracelets. Shoes known as "tea party shoes" are the most popular option for footwear, but Mary Janes, boots, low heels, and Rocking Horse Shoes are worn just as often. Socks or tights keep the outfit balanced from head to toe. Lolitas wear many different styles of headdress and hairstyles to balance out their skirts. Many other accessories can be worn with the fashion- other items include bloomers, wigs, jewelry, gloves, coats, capes, parasols, or bags.
It is unknown where the fashion gets its name. Many lolitas suspect that a writer decided the Spanish name Lolita complemented the feminine and whimsical fashion and it just caught on. It, unfortunately, shares the name with a controversial book by Vladimir Nabokov about a young girl who is preyed on by an older man. The book and fashion are unrelated (for more information on that aesthetic, feel free to look at the Nymphet page).
The fashion has its roots in the 70s and 80s with Otome fashion and Natural-kei. Lolita as we know it came about in the 1990s, where it was photographed on the streets of Harajuku and featured in magazines like Fruits, Kera, and eventually Gothic & Lolita Bible. Lolita was worn by members of Visual Kei bands in their performances, notably Mana of Malice Mizer, who created the first Gothic Lolita brand, Moi-même-Moitié, in 1999. Due to the growing popularity of Visual Kei and widespread publication of street fashion magazines, lolita was introduced to the world outside of Japan.
For more information on the Lolita aesthetic, feel free to visit the Lolita Fashion Wiki.
- 1 Subgenres
- 1.1 Classic Lolita
- 1.2 Sweet Lolita
- 1.3 Gothic Lolita
- 1.4 Punk Lolita
- 1.5 Country Lolita
- 1.6 Sailor Lolita
- 1.7 Hime Lolita
- 1.8 Guro Lolita
- 1.9 Ero Lolita
- 1.10 Wa Lolita
- 1.11 Qi Lolita
- 1.12 Natural Lolita
- 1.13 Military Lolita
- 1.14 Steam Lolita
- 1.15 Pirate Lolita
- 1.16 Cyber Lolita
- 1.17 Nun Lolita
- 1.18 Nurse Lolita
- 1.19 Hijab Lolita
- 1.20 Shiro/Kuro Lolita
- 1.21 Casual Lolita
- 1.22 Old-School Lolita
- 1.23 Deco Lolita
- 1.24 Ita Lolita
- 1.25 Boystyle
- 2 Clothing brands
- 3 Outside Japan
- 4 Gallery
Lolita can be divided into different substyles, notably Classic, Sweet, and Gothic, although other substyles exist.
Classic Lolita is a more mature style of Lolita that focuses on elegance rather than cuteness. It is much more historically inspired than the other substyles.
A-line skirts are more popular in this style for their more demure shape. Colors and patterns used in classic Lolita are more subdued than the other styles. Popular colors are brown, wine red, sage green, cornflower blue, and ivory. This style features lots of solid colors but floral themes are popular, as well as prints of checkers, nature, tartan, and historical art.
Popular headdresses include bonnets, bows, and berets, although any accessory is possible as long as it complements the coord. Shoes and accessories are less whimsical and more functional. Bags tend to be simple, but it isn't unheard of to see a purse shaped like a chess piece or a violin.
The makeup used in classic Lolita is often more muted and natural, highlighting the lolita's natural features.
Classic Lolita brands include Juliette et Justine, Innocent World, Victorian Maiden, Triple Fortune, and Mary Magdalene.
Sweet Lolita is one of the most popular lolita substyles. This style is characterized by lighter, brighter colors and more whimsical motifs.
It shares the same shape as other styles but is generally known to be "poofier", with larger petticoats. This style will often contain more trimmings, like lace, bows, and ruffles. Popular colors are baby pink, light blue, yellow, and white. Prints often feature fruit, flowers, lace, bows, sweet foods, candy, cute animals, and ribbons.
Headdresses, bonnets, and bows are a popular hair accessory to the sweet Lolita look. Shoes are typically tea party shoes because of their cute design. Bags and purses will often take the shape of fruits, crowns, hearts, stars, and stuffed animals.
Makeup for sweet lolita is very whimsical and pretty. Pastel colors and subtle glitter are popular elements to balance out the decadence of the dress.
From 2009-2014, sweet lolita was all the rage and it was very popular to wear multiple hair accessories, a wig, circle lenses, fake lashes, deco nails, and wear more elaborate makeup. That style is now called OTT (Over The Top) sweet lolita.
Examples of Sweet Lolita brands are Angelic Pretty, Baby, The Stars Shine Bright, and Metamorphose temps de fille.
Gothic Lolita is characterized by it's darker aesthetic. This substyle is a fusion of lolita fashion and the Japanese gothic subculture of the 1990s.
Gothic Lolita fashion is characterized by darker colors and themes. It tends to be more experimental. Popular colors include black, grey, navy blue, dark red, purple, white, and ivory. It is common to see motifs of crosses, gothic architecture, bats, coffins, and chandeliers.
Gothic lolita accessories can be more experimental. Rectangle headdresses, bonnets, and bows are popular, but you can also see wide-brim hats, crowns, horns, or antlers. Shoes vary widely- Mary Janes, boots, and platform shoes are all acceptable. Bags and purses can be simple or shaped like coffins or bats, etc.
Makeup for gothic lolita can be dark and dramatic. Black is popular for the eyes and lips, but there is no end to what matches a black dress.
Brands which exemplify the Gothic lolita style include Atelier-Pierrot, Atelier Boz, Alice and the pirates, and Moi-même-Moitié.
Moi-même-Moitié was the first gothic lolita brand, founded by visual kei rock musician Mana in 1999. Mana was the first figurehead of the fashion and is often jokingly referred to as a god. His brand released two lines of clothing, Elegant Gothic Lolita (EGL) and Elegant Gothic Aristocrat (EGA). EGL has still used as a label for the lolita community and the EGA line started Aristocrat fashion.
Punk Lolita is a sub-style of Lolita that is inspired by Western punk and uses similar motifs such as tartan, deconstruction, chains, studs, safety pins, asymmetrical hemlines, rips, grommets, buckles, and spikes. It is inspired by Vivienne Westwood and her influences in the UK. Unlike Western punk style, Punk Lolita can consist of frilly skirts paired with cutsews or a more delicate blouse with a tougher skirt or pant, and then accessorized with feminine accessories to lighten the look. Print motifs are crowns, butterflies, roses, playing card suits, skulls, and grungy or slightly creepy cute characters.
Country Lolita is a Lolita style inspired by the vast open countryside and often, Victorian farms. It is often a mix of Sweet Lolita and Classic Lolita. The Country Lolita style is often marked by the use of wicker or straw accessories such as basket purses or straw hats. Sometimes the addition of straw accessories are the only defining feature between Country and Classic or Sweet Lolita. Gingham and food prints are popular for this style. It's also common to see straw hats or wicker bags. Think Anne of Green Gables or Dorothy from The Wizard of Oz.
Sailor Lolita is a form of lolita style incorporating Nautical and Sailor themes. This can include sailor collars and ties, sailor hats, and stripes.
Hime Lolita (or Princess Lolita) is a Lolita substyle featuring royal and elegant themes. The style takes inspiration from the Hime Gyaru fashion while still keeping the Lolita silhouette. It get inspiration from the Rococo period, which is very common. Common themes are miniature crowns, pearls, lace gloves and high heels. Sometimes the dresses may be shorter than most lolita dresses.
Guro Lolita is a style of Lolita that focuses less on sweetness or elegance and more on horror. Blood splatters, bandages, eye patches, and fake bruises are all common themes in Guro Lolita. The idea of the 'broken doll' look is a running theme.
Outfits are usually white and splattered in fake blood. Despite its gore and horror theme, it still retains its theme of innocence and doll-like look. An alternative to a blood splattered dress is to be bandaged up.
Ero Lolita is a style of Lolita that focuses on outfits with a slight eroticism. It is considered a controversial style due to the fact that a lot of people who are unfamiliar with the style or Lolita fashion in general may get it wrong. This style contains more fetish elements such as leather, collars, and corsets that one may not be able to pull-off in any other Lolita style while still maintaining a fair amount of modesty. Skirts for this style may be a little shorter than usual, but nothing overly provocative.
Wa Lolita is a style inspired by traditional Japanese dress. Wa Lolita involves long ‘sode’ or, sleeves, and ‘obi’ or sashes that are taken from Kimono/yukata outfits, and fused with the bell-shaped skirt of lolita. Wa Lolita fabrics are usually very detailed, involving traditional japanese art style.Traditional Japanese Kanzashi or flower hairclips are often worn with this style in the place of a Lolita head-dress.
Qi Lolita is inspired by traditional Chinese dress like the Qipao or Hanfu. Skirts are often panelled or slit like a qipao. Bodices will also usually be modeled after a qipao, with a keyhole neckline and frog closures. Fabrics can be traditional Chinese prints or even more Victorian brocades. Traditional Chinese hair dressings and makeup pair well with this style.
Natural Lolita, also known as Mori Lolita, is the combination of Lolita fashion with Mori Girl which revolves around natural and vintage materials. The name and style was first coined by the brand MiELette Tautou.
Military Lolita is a sub-style of Lolita that uses military themes in the lolita fashion.
Steam Lolita is the combination of Lolita fashion with Steampunk fashion which is a western style that.revolves around a futuristic victorian era.
Pirate Lolita is a style popularized by the brand Alice and the Pirates.
Cyber Lolita is the combination of Lolita fashion with Cybergoth which revolves around futuristic imagery. Its visuals are often similar to Ero Lolita.
Nun Lolita is a theme that uses nun-style clothes that are often sold by Gothic Lolita brands.
Nurse Lolita is a style of Lolita that is very much inspired by hospital imagery, and generally falls under Guro Lolita.
Hijab Lolita is a term used describe the outfits of Hijabi, women who wear the islamic head-covering, that follow Lolita fashion.
Shiro and Kuro Lolita are monochromatic styles of coordinate. Shiro means white and kuro means black. These coordinate styles are often done together to contrast with each other.
Kuro Lolita is the Lolita fashion of an all-black outfit and no other colors, while Shiro Lolita is the total color opposite, focusing on a Lolita coordinate done all in white. Like Kuro, hair does not need to be white, small accessories may be another color for added impact so long as almost all of the outfit is white, and most Shiro Lolita outfits tend to fit with the Sweet Lolita style.
Casual Lolita is a more toned down version of the fashion, while still retaining the basic Lolita elements. It is very hard to put together a nice Casual Lolita outfit unless you have years of experience or are a natural at it.
Old-School Lolita is the old (90’s, early 2000’s) version of lolita fashion. It is visually very different from modern lolita, so it is often referred to as a separate sub-style. Compared to lolita now, it was more "frumpy". Fabrics were often solid, tartan, or gobelin. Petticoats, matching, and a full coord of lolita pieces were not necessary. Old school lolita is still frequently worn in this day and age, much to the delight of nostalgic veterans.
Deco Lolita, also known as OTT Lolita in the west, refers to Lolita outfits with an excessive amount of decoration. This style decorates the whole outfit from head-to-toe with a high amount of accessories, such as hair clips, ribbons, bracelets, and various other layers.
Ita Lolita is used by Lolitas to describe a very poor quality outfit that looks more like a cheap halloween costume than a fashion. It comes from the japanese word 'itai', which means 'ouch' or 'painful'.
Boystyle, also known as Ouji or Dandy depending on the substyle, is a Japanese street fashion which, like Aristocrat, is frequently associated with Lolita; it is not considered a Lolita style, but shares many aesthetics with Lolita since it is the masculine counterpart of the style. Despite being the male equivalent of Lolita, Boystyle can be worn by people of all genders, just as Lolita can be. It also can feature a lot of elements such as flowers, makeup and accessories, which are not seen as typically masculine.
Japanese brands that manufacture lolita clothing. Main brands are regarded as brands that have been around the longest and/or hold the highest value within the lolita community.
- Angelic Pretty
- Atelier Pierrot
- Baby, The Stars Shine Bright/Alice and the Pirates
- Innocent World
- Juliette et Justine
- Mary Magdalene
- Metamorphose Temps de Fille
- Victorian Maiden/Beth
Other brands/Indie brands
- Vierge Vampur
- Chocochip Cookie
- Enchantlic Enchantilly (intl. buying)
- Heart E
- Antique BeasT
- Triple Fortune (abbr: 3F)
- Atelier Boz / Lapin Agill Agill (abbr: Boz)
- Fanplusfriend / Neo-Ludwig (abbr: F+F)
- Physical Drop
- Miho Matsuda
- Pumpkin Cat
- Classical Puppets
- Dear Celine
- Krad Lanrete
Outside Japan, Lolita fashion has gained a strong foothold. Most lolitas gather together to form communities with other lolitas close to them. These communities gather together and wear the fashion in meet ups, where they can enjoy the company of others who wear the same interests. Lolita communities also have a huge online presence, allowing people in rural areas to communicate, trade, and sell.
The style is not mass-marketed outside Japan, though small stores have emerged. Baby, The Stars Shine Bright and Angelic Pretty both operate stores in Paris and San Francisco. Numerous indie brands and resellers have popped up all over the world. The Chinese site Taobao hosts scores of lolita retailers who are able to sell their designs internationally with shopping services like Spreenow. The lolita secondhand market is booming on sites like LaceMarket and Facebook Marketplace.