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Note: This page is about the original Jumpstyle subculture from Belgium and the Netherlands. For the 2020s aesthetic that merges Jumpstyle videos with elements of Surrealism, see Xpiritualism.

Jumpstyle, also known as Jumpen in Dutch and German, is a subculture, dance style and subgenre of Hardcore Techno that emerged in Belgium in 1997, gathering broader popularity in the Netherlands and other countries of Europe in the 2000s.

This energetic dance style is closely related to Melbourne Shuffle and it's characterized by fast-paced leg movements, often involving shuffling, kicking, and jumping, performed to the driving beats of Jumpstyle and Hardstyle music. Its distinctive fashion often features tracksuits, sneakers, and accessories like gloves and visors. Jumpstyle's rise to mainstream recognition can be attributed in part to its active online communities and numerous viral videos shared during the 2000s showcasing the dance moves and their energy. The ethos of the community also lies on individuality, and dancers are encouraged to create their own moves rather than adjusting to a single norm[1].

"Jumping is not a crime" is a catchphrase strongly associated with the subculture. Artists such as DJ Coone have declared that for them, Jumpstyle has become a lifestyle, just like Hip-Hop or Techno.


Early Origins[]

The early origins of Jumpstyle date back to the Late 1990s in Belgium, when it was still a relatively niche genre and simply known as "Jump". 1997 is often pinpointed as the year of origin of Jumpstyle music[2], when it became a more estabilished scene. With Belgium itself having a rich history of Electronic Dance Music scenes such as the previous Belgian New Beat and Acid House, Rave culture was huge in Europe during the decade, and in the neighboring country of the Netherlands, Hardcore Techno and Gabber flourished in its local scenes. The genre was pioneered by musical artists such as Da Boy Tommy, who's often treated as the "father of Jumpstyle", and while it was a cultural phenomenon limited to Belgium, it later became popular in the Netherlands and its influence later expanded to other countries in Europe. In Spain, it became popular within the Bakala subculture, with many Valencian nightclubs such as Pont Aeri or Xque featuring Jumpstyle songs.

Mainstream Popularity[]


2020s Revival / "Jumpstylecore"[]

Main article: Xpiritualism


An example of the "Jumpstylecore" trend.

During the early 2020s, a new TikTok trend and aesthetic loosely inspired by Jumpstyle and Arabfunny emerged, known by several names such as "Jumpstylecore", "Yabujincore" (named after Yabujin, a multi-genre musician from Lithuania)[3] a watered-down subgenre of Xpiritualism. However, it has little to do with the original Jumpstyle scene that once thrived in many European countries, overall having a really different vibe and visual style.

Many popular clips within that aesthetic consist of Jumpstyle dance videos edited with chaotic and surrealistic elements, references to early internet culture, bizarre filters, non-sensical effects, content related to urban legends and Japanese pop culture such as anime and video games[4].

The music associated with this new trend also differs significantly from the Hardcore Techno and Hardstyle roots of Jumpstyle. While some musicians within the movement have produced songs relating to the original genre, most of them have shifted towards other microgenres such as HexD or Sigilkore, which incorporate elements of Trap, Trance, and Experimental music, further distinguishing it from real Jumpstyle. Another problem with its fanbase is that many songs featured in the aesthetic are not even remotely related to Jumpstyle, often including Russian Europop songs or even simply whatever song is currently popular on TikTok. This has led some followers of the original subculture to label these beginners from TikTok as "newgens", criticizing them for excessively relying on dance tutorials and confusing the dance style with others such as Melbourne Shuffle, Hakken and Industrial Dance, sparking comparisons between what Belgian Jumpstyle used to be in the 2000s and the current aesthetic trend popularized by musical artists such as Yabujin/DJ Gyrotta Zao, RomancePlanet and other similar musicians, which are popular among Gen Z.



Dance Styles[]

Jumpstyle dance has various styles and can also be performed to a variety of musical genres, most prominently Jumpstyle itself, Hardstyle, Hardcore Techno and many other subgenres of Electronic Dance Music, but it's not limited to them. Jumpstyle is performed through a series of steps, jumps, kicks, stomps, torso positioning and arm swings, and while it might not look too difficult, it can be really hard since it's a really cardio-intensive dance. On the internet, there have always been a lot of tutorials in order to learn it, although the community also encourages dancers to be creative and come up with their own dance moves.

The substyles of Jumpstyle include: Under Construction



Musical Artists[]

  • Atomik V
  • Chicago Zone
  • Da Boy Tommy
  • Dany BPM
  • Dark-E
  • Deepack
  • D-Devils
  • DJ Coone
  • DJ Furax
  • DJ Gyrotta Zao (DJ 6YRథ్‌٣٣A ЗАО)
  • DJ Hixxy
  • DJ Twisty
  • E-Max
  • Gave
  • Headhunterz
  • H.P. Baxxter
  • Jekyll & Hyde
  • Karl F
  • Mark with a K
  • Lobotomy Inc.
  • Patrick Jumpen
  • Ronald-V
  • Scooter
  • The Prophet
  • Vorwerk