Expressionism is a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas


Visual

Under Construction

Written

Poetry

Among the poets associated with German Expressionism were:

  • Jakob van Hoddis
  • Georg Trakl
  • Walter Rheiner
  • Gottfried Benn
  • Georg Heym
  • Else Lasker-Schüler
  • Ernst Stadler
  • August Stramm
  • Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926): The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge (1910)
  • Geo Milev
  • T. S. Eliot
  • Rudolf Broby-Johansen
  • Tom Kristensen
  • Pär Lagerkvist
  • Harald Landt Momberg
  • Edith Södergran

Prose

  • Franz Kafka (1883–1924): "The Metamorphosis" (1915), The Trial (1925), The Castle (1926)
  • Alfred Döblin (1878–1957): Berlin Alexanderplatz (1929)
  • Wyndham Lewis (1882–1957)
  • Djuna Barnes (1892–1982): Nightwood (1936)
  • Malcolm Lowry (1909–1957): Under the Volcano (1947)
  • Ernest Hemingway
  • James Joyce (1882–1941): "The Nighttown" section of Ulysses (1922)
  • Patrick White (1912–1990)
  • D. H. Lawrence
  • Sheila Watson: Double Hook
  • Elias Canetti: Auto-da-Fé
  • Thomas Pynchon
  • William Faulkner
  • James Hanley (1897–1985)
  • Raul Brandão (1867–1930): Húmus (1917)

Notable Artists

  • Heinrich Campendonk
  • Emil Nolde
  • Rolf Nesch
  • Franz Marc
  • Arshil Gorky
  • Ernst Barlach
  • Wilhelm Lehmbruck
  • Erich Heckel
  • Paula Modersohn-Becker
  • Otto Dix
  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • Max Beckmann
  • Conrad Felixmüller
  • Carl Hofer
  • August Macke
  • Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler
  • Ludwig Meidner
  • Paula Modersohn-Becker
  • Gabriele Münter
  • Minas Avetisyan
  • Käthe Schmidt Kollwitz
  • Egon Schiele
  • Oskar Kokoschka
  • Zinaida Serebriakova
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Franz Marc
  • Paul Gauguin
  • Ferdinand Hodler
  • Henri Matisse
  • Alexei Jawlensky
  • Charles Eyck
  • Willem Hofhuizen
  • Jan Sluyters
  • Vincent Van Gogh
  • Jan Wiegers
  • Hendrik Werkman
  • Constant Permeke
  • Gust De Smet
  • Frits Van den Berghe
  • James Ensor
  • Albert Droesbeke.
  • Georges Rouault
  • Chaim Soutine
  • Edvard Munch
  • Egon Schiele
  • Carl Eugen Keel
  • Mário Eloy

Subgenres

German Expressionism

German expressionism was an early twentieth century German art movement that emphasized the artist's inner feelings or ideas over replicating reality, and was characterised by simplified shapes, bright colours and gestural marks or brushstrokes. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff.

Gallery

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