Constructivism (art) is a style or movement in which assorted mechanical objects are combined into abstract mobile structural forms. The movement originated in Russia in the 1920s and has influenced many aspects of modern architecture and design.

Origins and influences

It was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1915 by Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Rodchenko. Abstract and austere, constructivist art aimed to reflect modern industrial society and urban space. The movement rejected aesthetic stylization in favor of the industrial assemblage of materials. Constructivists were in favour of art for practical and social purposes, and were associated with Soviet socialism and the Russian avant-garde. Constructivist architecture and art had a great effect on modern art movements of the 20th century, influencing major trends such as the Bauhaus and De Stijl movements. Its influence was widespread, with major effects upon architecture, sculpture, graphic design, industrial design, theatre, film, dance, fashion and, to some extent, music.

The Aesthetic in the USSR generally declined under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, who advocated for and imposed Socialist Realism and more classically inspired aesthetics for the USSR to uphold, believing they would better appeal to the Proletariat as opposed to the Constructivist genre thought to appeal only to Intelligentsia.

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