Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts. It was most popular between 1890 and 1910.

It was a reaction to the academic art, eclecticism and historicism of 19th century architecture and decoration. It was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers, and whiplash forms. Other defining characteristics of Art Nouveau were a sense of dynamism and movement, often given by asymmetry and by curving lines, and the use of modern materials, such as iron pillars, sculpted and curved in naturalistic designs.


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  • Alphonse Mucha
  • Gustav Klimt
  • Antoni Gaudí
  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh
  • Émile Gallé
  • René Lalique
  • Aubrey Beardsley
  • Henry van de Velde
  • Victor Horta 
  • Louis Comfort Tiffany
  • Hector Guimard


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