Abstract art uses visual language to create works that do not obviously depict visual references from the physical world. Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. This departure from accurate representation can be slight, partial, or complete.
Abstract art is independent from visual references, and does not attempt to represent an accurate image of reality. Instead, it uses a variety of techniques to create an image that does not exist in the real world. It is often seen as having a moral dimension, as it can stand for a variety of virtues, including order, purity, simplicity, and spirituality.
Abstract art also refers to art that uses various forms, like geometric shapes, that are not present in the visual reality.
Abstract Expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art, it’s often characterised by gestural brush-strokes or mark-making, and the impression of spontaneity.
Drip painting is a form of abstract art in which paint is dripped or poured onto the canvas.
Tachisme is a French style of abstract painting popular in the 1940s and 1950s. The term is said to have been first used with regards to the movement in 1951. Tachisme was a reaction to Cubism and is characterized by spontaneous brushwork, drips and blobs of paint straight from the tube, and sometimes scribbling reminiscent of calligraphy.
- Lucio Fontana
- Wassily Kandinsky
- Willem de Kooning
- Joan Miro
- Piet Mondrian
- Georgia O'Keeffe
- Pablo Picasso
- Jackson Pollock
- Gerhard Richter
- Mark Rothko
- Cy Twombly