Abstract is for something that is not a material object or is examples of abstract concepts in media. Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. This departure from accurate representation can be slight, partial, or complete.
Abstract which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the art uses visual language of shape, form, color and line work to create a composition. Abstract art does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead use shapes, colours, forms and gestural marks to achieve its effect. It is also applied to art that uses forms, such as geometric shapes or gestural marks, which have no source at all in an external visual reality. Some abstract artists have preferred terms such as concrete art or non-objective art, but in practice the word abstract is used across the board and the distinction between the two is not always obvious.Abstract art is often seen as carrying a moral dimension, in that it can be seen to stand for virtues such as order, purity, simplicity and spirituality.
Abstract Expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art, it’s often characterised by gestural brush-strokes or mark-making, and the impression of spontaneity.
Drip painting is a form of abstract art in which paint is dripped or poured on to the canvas.
Tachisme is a French style of abstract painting popular in the 1940s and 1950s. The term is said to have been first used with regards to the movement in 1951. Tachisme was a reaction to Cubism and is characterized by spontaneous brushwork, drips and blobs of paint straight from the tube, and sometimes scribbling reminiscent of calligraphy.
- Jackson Pollock
- Pablo Picasso
- Mark Rothko